Below is the set of 120 Question Answers to enhance your knowledge about the Guru Ghar and 10 Sikh Gurus. These cover important dates, facts, and incidents of Sikh History during the Guruships of all 10 masters and later up to the reign of Banda Singh Bahadur.
Q. 1 When and where was Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji born?
Ans. Birthday: Puranmashi of Katak Samvat 1526 Bikrami, 1469 A.D. Birthplace: Talwandi of Rai Bhoi Now known as Nankana Sahib. It is in West Pakistan now.
Q. 2 Furnish information about the family of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji?
Ans. Father: Shri Mehta Kalu Ji, Mother: Tripta Ji, Sister: Bibi Nanki Ji, Wife: Bibi Sulakhani Ji, Sons: Baba Sri Chand Ji and Baba Lakhmi Dass Ji.
Q. 3 Under which Maryada (System) the marriage of Guru Nanak Dev Ji was solemnized?
Ans. Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s marriage was solemnized under Sanatani Maryada (the ancient Vedic System).
Q. 4 Where and when was the marriage of Guru Nanak Dev Ji solemnized?
Ans. The marriage of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was solemnized at Batala in Samvat 1544 Bikrami, 24th of Jeth, A.D. 1487.
Q. 5 How many long-journeys (Udaasis) Guru Nanak Dev Ji undertook for the benefit of humankind?
Ans. Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji undertook four (Udaasian) long-journeys 4s follows: In North: Upto Sumer Mountain and above. In East: Upto Dhaka and Bengal. In South: Upto Sri Lanka. 3 In West: Upto Mecca and Madina
Q. 6 Who started the Udasi Sect?
Ans. The Udasi Sect was started by Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s eldest Son Baba Shri Chand Ji.
Q.7 Furnish Information about the family of Baba Lakhmi Chand Ji.
Ans. Baba Lakhmi Chand Ji was married to Mata Dhanvanti, and had a son named Baba Dharam Chand Ji.
Q. 8 Bhai Bala and Mardana were the disciples of which Guru?
Ans. They were disciples of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
Q. 9 Which “Bani” was written by Guru Nanak Dev Ji?
Ans. Guru Nanak Dev Ji wrote “Bani” in twenty Ragas. In addition to Japji Sahib, some shlokas in Sanskrit and some other shlokas are written in the Adi Shri Granth Sahib.
Q. 10 When and where did Shri Guru Nanak Dev breathe His last?
Ans. Guru Nanak Dev Ji breathed his last on 23rd of Assu Sudhi 10, 1596 Bikrami Samvat; September 5, 1539 A.D., at Kartar Pur (now in West Pakistan).
Q. 11 When and where was Guru Angad Dev Ji born?
Ans. Birthday: 5 Baisakh wadi 1, Samvat 1561, March 31 in 1504 A.D. Birth Place: Village Mattey Di Sarai, Distt. Ferozepur (Panjab)
Q. 12 Furnish information about the family of Guru Angad Dev Ji?
Ans. Father: Bhai Pheru Mall Ji, Mother: Mata Daya Kaur Ji, wife: Bibi Khivi Ji, Sons: Shri Datu Ji and Shri Dasu Ji, Daughters: Bibi Amro Ji and Bibi Anokhi Ji.
Q. 13 What was the earlier name of Guru Angad Dev Ji?
Ans. Bhai Lehna Ji
Q.14 Who was the Mughal Emperor at the time of Guru Angad Devi Ji?
Ans. Humayun, who arrived in Gurdwara Mal Akhara Sahib at Khadur Sahib to meet Guru Angad.
Q. 15 Which remarkable thing Guru Angad Dev Ji gifted to the Sikh History?
Ans. Janam Sakhi of Bhai Bala and Standardising the Gurmukhi Script.
Q. 16 Why didn’t Guru Angad Dev Ji appoint in succession his own sons?
Ans. Because his sons did not obey His order.
Q. 17 When did Guru Angad Dev Ji meet Guru Nanak Dev Ji?
Ans. Guru Angad Dev Ji and Guru Nanak Dev Ji met each other in 1532 A.D., Bikrami Samvat 1589.
Q. 18 For how long, did Guru Angad Dev Ji occupy the spiritual throne (Guru Gaddi)?
Ans. Guru Angad Dev remained as a Guru for 13 years (Samwat 1596 Bikrami to 1609 Bikrami, 1539 to 1552 A.D.)
Q. 19 Which was the main preaching center of Shri Guru Angad Dev Ji?
Ans. In his own period, Guru Angad Dev Ji shifted his preaching center from Kartar Pur to Shri Khadoor Sahib wherefrom he continued his preaching for thirteen years. Guru Angad Dev Ji’s 500th Birth Anniversary was celebrated worldwide on 18th April, 2004 A.D.
Q. 20 Give information about the “Bani” written by Guru Angad Dev Ji?
Ans. Shri Guru Angad Dev Ji wrote 62 shlokas in nine ragas, which have been incorporated in the Adi Granth.
Q. 21 Which method was preached by Guru Angad Dev Ji for seeking spiritual knowledge(the ultimate truth)?
Ans. Guru Angad Dev Ji preached people to give up the Idol-worship, live in Satguru’s shelter, get Naam from the living Satguru, and meditate upon it according to His guidelines.
Q. 22 When did Guru Angad Dev Ji breathe his last?
Ans. Guru Angad Dev Ji breathed his last at the age of 48 years in Samvat 1609 Bikrami, Chet Sudhi 4, in March 1552 A.D., at Khadoor Sahib.
Q. 23 When and where was Guru Amar Das Ji born?
Ans. Guru Amar Das Ji was born on Baisakh Sudhi 14, Samwat 1536 Bikrami, May 5, 1479, A.D., at Baasarkey in Distt. Amritsar.
Q. 24 Furnish information about the family of Shri Guru Amar Das Ji.
Ans. Father: Baba Tej Bhan Ji, Mother: Bibi Lakhmi Ji, Wife: Bibi Mansa Devi Ji, Sons: Baba Mohri Ji and Baba Mohan Ji, Daughters: Bibi Dani Ji and Bibi Bhani Ji.
Q. 25 What arrangements did Guru Amar Das Ji make to spread Guru Nanak Dev’s message to every home?
Ans. Twenty-two preachers were deputed for this job. His Holiness also ordered to celebrate Baisakhi Mela every year at Govindwal in Punjab.
Q. 26 Which Satguru founded Govindwal village?
Ans. Guru Amar Das Ji founded it.
Q. 27 Write the names of the brothers of Shri Guru Amar Das Ji?
Ans. Bhai Isar Das Ji, Bhai Khem Rai Ji and Bhai Manak Chand Ji.
Q. 28 For how long did Guru Amar Das Ji remain as a Guru?
Ans. Shri Guru Amar Das Ji remained as a Guru for twenty-two (22) Sikh History l 6 years from 1552 A.D. to 1574 A.D.
Q. 29 For how long did Guru Amar Das Ji live?
Ans. Guru Amar Das Ji lived for 95 years, three months, and twenty-seven days.
Q. 30 When and where was Guru Ram Das Ji born?
Ans. Guru Ram Das Ji was born on Katak wadi Dooj, Samwat 1591 Bikrami, 1534 A.D. at Choona Mandi in Lahore.
Q. 31 Name the parents of Guru Ram Das Ji ?
Ans. His father was Shri Hari Das Ji Sodhi and his mother was Mata Daya Kaur Ji.
Q. 32 When and with whom was Shri Guru Ram Das Ji married?
Ans. The marriage of Shri Guru Ram Das Ji was solemnized with Bibi Bhani D/o Shri Guru Amar Das Ji on Phagun 22 Samwat 1610 Vikrami.
Q. 33 When was Guru Ram Das Ji enthroned as Guru?
Ans. Guru Ram Das Ji was enthroned as a Guru in Vikrami 1531, 1574 A.D.
Q. 34 What was the previous name of Shri Guru Ram Das Ji?
Ans. Bhai Jetha Ji.
Q. 35 What tests Guru Ram Das Ji had to pass through to become Guru?
Ans. He had to pass through many difficult tests. Lastly, he was asked to build and deconstruct the sitting-slabs for a number of times. Then only, he was selected as a Guru.
Q. 36 Name the sons of Shri Guru Ram Das Ji?
Ans. Shri Prithi Chand, born in Vikrami 1614,1557 A.D. Shri Maha Dev Ji, born in Vikrami 1617, 1560 A.D. Guru Arjun Dev Ji, born in Vikrami 1620,1563 A.D.
Q. 37 For how long did Guru Ram Das Ji remain as Guru ?
Ans. For seven years from Vikrami 1631 to 1638, 1574 A.D. to 1581 A.D.
Q. 38 Who built the water reservoir (Sarovar) known as Ram Sarovar, at Amritsar?
Ans. The Ram Sarovar was built by Shri Guru Ram Das Ji.
Q. 39 When and where did Guru Ram Das breathe his last?
Ans. Guru Ram Das breathed his last on Bhadon Sudi 3, Samvat 1638 Vikrami; in September 1581 A.D. at Sri Govindwal Sahib.
Q. 40 When and where was Guru Arjan Dev Ji born?
Ans. He was born at Govindwal, on Baisakh Sudi 7, Samwat 1620 Vikrami; 15 April 1563 A.D.
Q. 41 Furnish information about the family of Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji?
Ans. Ans. Father: Guru Ram Das Ji, Mother: Mata Bhani Ji, Wife: Mata Ganga Ji, Son: Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji
Q. 42 Who was the fifth Guru of the Sikhs?
Ans. Guru Arjan Dev Ji was the fifth Guru of the Sikhs.
Q. 43 When was Guru Arjan Dev Ji nominated as a Guru and what was His age at that time?
Ans. He was nominated as a Guru at the age of 18 years on 2nd Assu Vikrami.1638, September 1581 A.D.
Q. 44 Which cities were built by Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji?
Ans. Amritsar, Taran Taran, Kartarpur and Chheharta were built by Guru Arjan Dev Ji.
Q. 45 Who enthroned Guru Arjan Dev Ji as a Guru?
Ans. On the orders of Guru Ramdas Ji, Baba Buddha Ji enthroned (Guru) Arjan Dev Ji as a Guru.
Q. 46 When did Guru Arjan Dev Ji begin singing shabads with Sarinda (a musical instrument)?
Ans. He started singing shabads with Sarinda in Vikrami 1639, 1582 A.D.
Q. 47 Who started the construction of Shri Harimandir Sahib?
Ans. Guru Arjun Dev Ji started the construction of Shri Harimandir Sahib on Maghi day in Vikrami 1645; in January 1588 A.D.
Q. 48 How many pages does the Adi Granth have?
Ans. It has 1430 pages.
Q. 49 When and who compiled the Adi Granth?
Ans. Guru Arjan Dev Ji compiled the Adi Granth in Samwat 1661 Vikrami, 1604 A.D.
Q. 50 Whose “Bani” has been included in the Adi Granth?
Ans. The Adi Granth contains the Bani of Six Sikh Gurus, 15 Saints, 11 Bhatt poets, and 4 Hazoori Raagis of Sri Satguru Ji.
Q. 51 What physical tortures were given to Guru Arjan Dev Ji?
Ans. He was made to sit in boiling water . After that, he was made to sit on a hot iron plate while hot sand was simultaneously poured on His head, and lastly, he was ordered to be sewn in kine-skin. Sikh History l 8
Q. 52 When did Guru Arjan Dev Ji expire?
Ans. He expired on the 30th of May 1606 A.D., Sudhi 4th Samwat Vikrami 1663.
Q. 53 Where was Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji martyred?
Ans. At Lahore, now in Pakistan.
Q. 54 When and where was Guru Hargobind Ji born?
Ans. He was born on Ashad wadi 6, Vikrami 1652 ; on 14th of June 1595 A.D. at Village Guru Ki Wadali.
Q. 55 Who were the parents of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ?
Ans. Father: Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji and Mother Mata Ganga Ji. 10
Q. 56 Which change was made by Guru Hargobind Sahib in Guru Nanak’s Maryada?
Ans. In addition to Nam Simran, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ordered the Sikhs to become warriors and fighters so that war against cruelty may be fought. He wore two swords, one of temporal and the second one of spiritual supremacy.
Q. 57 Why is Guru Hargobind Sahib known as ‘Prisoner- Reliever’?
Ans. Because at the time of His release from Gwalior Fort as a prisoner, He got other 52 jailed kings (of BaiDhaar) released along with Him.
Q. 58 Furnish information about the marriage of Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
Ans. He was married to Bibi Nanki Ji, Bibi Damodri Ji, and Bibi Maha Devi Ji.
Q. 59 Furnish information about the children of Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
Ans. He had five sons and one daughter :
1. Baba Gurditta Ji – born in 1613 A.D.
2. Suraj Mall Ji – born in 1617 A.D.
3. Ani Rai Ji – born in 1618 A.D.
4. Atall Rai Ji – born in 1619 A.D.
5. Baba Teg Mal Ji (Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji) – born in 1621 A.D.
6. Bibi Biroji – born in 1615 A.D.
Q. 60 When was Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji enthroned as a Guru?
Ans. He was enthroned on 30th May 1663 A.D.; Jeth Sudhi 4th Samwat 1606 Vikrami. He was aged 11 years at that time.
Q. 61 Which Mughal Emperor imprisoned Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji?
Ans. Guru Hargobind was imprisoned by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.
Q. 62 When and where was Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji imprisoned?
Ans. He was imprisoned in Vikrami 1668 Samvat, for two years from 1611 to 1613 A.D. in Gwalior Fort.
Q. 63 How many battles, Guru Har Gobind Ji fought against the Mughal Government and where?
Ans. He fought four battles:
1. 1628 A.D. , Vikrami Samwat 1685 at Amritsar
2. At Hargobind Pur Samvat 1687 Bikrami, in 1630 A.D.
3. At Nathana Malwaj in 1631 A.D., Vikrami Samvat 1628.
4. At Kartar Pur in Vikrami Samvat 1691, 1634 A.D.
Q. 64 When and where did Guru Hargobind Ji breathe His last?
Ans. On 7th Chet Sudhi 5, Samvat 1701 Vikrami, 3rd of March 1644 A.D. at Kiratpur Sahib.
Q. 65 For how long Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji remained as the Sikh Guru?
Ans. He remained as the Sikh Guru for about 38 years
Q. 66 When and where was Guru Har Rai Ji born?
Ans. Date of Birth: 10th of Magh, Samvat 1686 Vikrami;26th February 1630 A.D. at Kartar Pur.
Q. 67 Name the parents of Guru Har Rai Ji?
Ans. Father: Baba Gurditta Ji Mother: Nihal Kaur Ji.
Q. 68 When was Guru Har Rai Ji enthroned as the VIIth Sikh Guru?
Ans. On 3rd of March 1644 A.D.
Q. 69 Who had uttered these words and to whom, “Ram Rai should not confront me” (Ram Rai mere mathey na laggey) and why?
Ans. Guru Har Rai Ji had uttered these words for his son Ram Rai because Ram Rai had reversed a few lines of the ‘Gurbani’ due to the fear of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
Q. 70 Who was Ram Rai?
Ans. He was the son of Gur Har Rai Ji.
Q. 71 Who showed 72 miracles to Aurangzeb?
Ans Ram Rai showed 72 miracles to Aurangzeb with the powers bestowed upon him by Guru Har Rai Ji.
Q. 72 Which line of Gurbani, was reversed by Ram Rai?
Ans. Being afraid of Aurangzeb, Ram Rai had reversed the line “Mitti Muslman Ki” to “Mitti Be-iman ki”.
Q. 73 When did Guru Har Rai Ji breathe his last?
Ans. Guru Har Rai Ji expired on Katak Vadi 9, Vikrami Samvat 1718; October 6, 1461 A.D.
Q. 74 When and where was Guru Harkrishan Ji born? Also name His parents.
Ans. Date of Birth: 8th of Sawan Vikrami Samvat 1713 , July 7th of 1656 A.D. Birthplace: Kiratpur Sahib. Father: Guru Har Rai Ji Mother: Mata Krishna Ji.
Q. 75 At what age was Guru Harkrishan Ji enthroned as Guru and for how many years He remained as the VIIIth Sikh Guru ?
Ans. Guru Harkrishan Ji was enthroned at the age of five years, in Vikrami Samvat 1718; 1661 A.D. and remained Guru for two years, four months and 26 days.
Q. 76 Which miracles did Guru Harkrishan Ji perform, while going to Delhi?
Ans. Some of the miracles performed are as follows: To break the false pride of Pundits at Kurukshetra, Guru Ji had put a stick on the head of a humble illiterate person who recited the meanings of Gita to the pundits. Guru Har Krishan Ji ordered to take His Charanamrit whosoever wanted to get rid of cholera during the outbreak of this epidemic in Delhi and , in this way, many lives were saved.
Q. 77 When and where did Guru Har Krishan Ji breathe His last?
Ans. Guru Harkrishan Ji expired on 14 Chet Sudhi, Vikrami Samvat 1721, 30th March 1664 A.D. in Delhi.
Q. 78 Which order was passed by Guru Har Krishan Ji, for the 9th Guru before passing away ?
Ans “Baba basai gram Bakaley” which meant that the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji lived in a village named Bakala.
Q. 79 Furnish details of Guru Teg Bahadar Ji’s birth and his family
Ans. Date of Birth: 5 Baisakh Wadi Vikrami Samvat 1678 April, 1621 A.D. 14 Birth place : Amritsar Father: Shri Hargobind Sahib Ji, Mother: Mata Nanki Ji, Wife: Mata Gujri Ji, Son: Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Q. 80 What was the previous name of Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji?
Ans. Shri Teg Mal Jee.
Q. 81 When did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji visit Bakala village and for how long did he stay there?
Ans. By the order of His father Guru Hargobind Ji, Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, along with His mother went to Bakala in Vikrami Samvat 1701, and stayed there for twenty years.
Q. 82 How was His name of Teg Mall’ changed to ‘Teg Bahadur’?
Ans. In Vikrami Samvat 1691, 1634 A.D., He (along with his father Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji) at Kartarpur in a fight with Paindey Khan, had fought very bravely with his sword. So Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji named Him Tegh Bahadur meaning “The brave wielder of the Sword”.
Q. 83 Who had traced Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji during his long stay (meditation period) in Bakala?
Ans. Makhan Shah Lubana was an overseas merchant. Once, while on a voyage, when his ship began to sink due to a tempest in the sea; Makhan Shah promised to give 500 gold coins to the true Guru who will save his ship. Since his ship was saved, he started searching the true Guru. When he came to Bakala, he found that 22 persons were claiming themselves to be the Guru. So he began his search by offering 5 gold coins to each claimant. When he came to Guru Teg Bahadur, He asked him the reason for offering only 5 gold coins instead of 500. Upon this, Makhan Shah 15 became hilarious and spread the news by yelling and openly declaring in Bakala that the true Guru had been found.
Q. 84 Who was Makhan Shah Lubana ?
Ans. He was a businessman, whose sinking ship was rescued by virtue of his prayer to the living Guru of that time.
Q. 85 Write, in detail, the incident pertaining to the Adi Granth Sahib at the time of leaving Baba Bakala ?
Ans. Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji wished to hand over the Granth Sahib to Dhirmall. Since they could not meet in person, Guru Ji placed the Granth Sahib in the river Beas and sent a message to Dhirmall. After getting this message, Dhirmall along with some experienced divers came and tried his level best but he could not succeed in recovering the Granth Sahib. Then a Sikh advised him to pray to the Guru of the Time (Guru Teg Bahadur Ji) in order to be successful. So when Dhirmall did so, he succeeded in recovering the Granth Sahib. This meant that the contemporary Guru is the Master of the Time and He alone can help in all odd situations and answers genuine prayers.
Q. 86 When did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji visit the Harimandir Sahib at Amritsar?
Ans. He went to Harimandir Sahib in the month of Asahr Vikrami Samvat 1721.
Q. 87 Who stopped Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji from entering Harimandir Sahib?
Ans Guru Teg Bahadur Ji was stopped from entering Harimandir Sahib by Har Ji who was the son of Baba Meharban and the grandson of Prithi Chand.
Q. 88 Where did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji go to preach during his tenure as a Guru?
Ans. He went to preach in Malwa, to Dhaka, to Calcutta, Jagan Nath Puri, Patna, Benaras, Nanak Matta, Delhi and Haridwar.
Q. 89 Give detailed information about the cruelties inflicted on the Hindus by Aurangzeb?
Ans. Aurangzeb had become the emperor after imprisoning his father and murdering his brothers. He was determined to make India a Muslim State. He had doubled the octroi-charge for Hindus in comparison to Muslims. He had dismantled the temples of Mathura, Benaras, and Gujrat. He had put restriction on the Hindu festivals of Holi and Diwali. The burning of dead bodies on the river banks was not allowed. Hindus were not allowed to sit in Paalkis and on Irani horses. Any Hindu culprit was set free if he became a Muslim.
Q. 90 “If Guru Teg Bahadur becomes a Muslim, we all will ourselves become Muslims” By whom and before whom these words were said?
Ans. These words were said by the Kashmiri Pandits to Aurangzeb in Vikrami Samwat 1752, 1675 A.D.
Q. 91 Give a brief sketch about the life of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji?
Ans. For nearly 23 years He remained with His father Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji and for 20 years, He worshipped God deeply and extensively. He remained Guru for 10 years, seven months and 18 days. He lived for 54 years 4 months and seven days.
Q. 92 When did Guru Tegh Bahadur go to Amritsar to pay his obeisance at the Harimandir Sahib? What was the behavior of the management of the Golden Temple?
Ans. They had locked the doors of the Harimandir Sahib fearing the seizure of the temple and termination of their rich source of earnings.
Q. 93 What was the original name of Anand Pur Sahib, When and how was it built ?
Ans. Its land was purchased by Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji. Its first name was Chakk Nanaki. Its foundation stone was laid by Baba Gurditta Ji on 21st of Aasharh, Vikrami Samvat 1722, June 19, 1665, A.D. The Kesh Garh Fort was built by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. It was then named Anand Pur Sahib.
Q. 94 Which three conditions had Aurangzeb put before martyring Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji?
Ans. (1) Show your miracles, or…. (2) Become a Muslim, or….. (3) Be ready to die. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji refused to accept first two conditions and accepted the third one for the upkeep of his religion.
Q. 95 Name those Sikhs who were also martyred along with Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and how ?
Ans Bhai Mati Dass Ji was cut alive vertically into two pieces (with a wood-saw), on November 10, 1675 A.D. 2. Bhai Diala Ji was boiled in hot water on 10 November 1675 A.D. 3. Bhai Sati Dass Ji was wrapped in cotton and burnt alive on 10 Nov., 1675 A.D. in Delhi.
Q. 96 Give details of the Gurbani written by Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji?
Ans. He wrote 59 Dupadas, and Tipadas in Raga form. In addition to this , He had written 57 Slokas which were included in the Adi Granth on pages 1426 to 1430. 18
Q. 97 Before which Guru, Bhai Diala was martyred?
Ans. Before Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
Q. 98 Who had brought the head of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji to Sri Anandpur Sahib?
Ans. Bhai Jaita Ji
Q. 99 When and where was Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji martyred?
Ans. At Chandni Chowk Delhi on 12th of Maghar Vikrami Samvat 1732 ; November 11, 1675 A.D.
Q.100 Why did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji become a martyr?
Ans. To save Hindus and Hindustan from the cruelties of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Q.101 Why is Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji called “Hind di Chadar”?
Ans. Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji is called “Hind di Chadar” because He had sacrificed His life for the sake of the Hindu community and for his religion.
Q.102 When and where was Guru Gobind Singh Ji born?
Ans. Date of birth: Poh Sudi Seventh, Vikrami Samvat 1723, 22 December 1666 A.D. Place of birth: Patna Sahib
Q.103 Furnish information about the family of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Ans. Father: Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, Mother :Mata Gujjari Ji. Wives: Mata Jeeto Ji, Mata Sundari Ji & Mata Sahib Devan Ji.
Sons:Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji,born in 1684 A.D.
Sahibzada Jujhar Singh Ji,bom in 1690 A.D.
Sahibzada Zoravar Singh Ji,born in 1697 A.D.,
and , Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji,born in 1699 A.D.
Q.104 When was Guru Gobind Singh Ji enthroned as the Tenth Guru?
Ans. He was enthroned as the Guru on 11 Nov. 16 75 A.D.(1 Maghar sudi 5,Vikrami Samvat 1732)
Q.105 When and where did Guru Gobind Singh Ji establish the Khalsa Panth?
Ans. In Vikrami Samvat 1756, 1699 A.D. in Anand Pur Sahib on the day of Baisakhi, the Khalsa Panth was established at Anandpur Sahib.
Q.106. List the names of the five Piaras (The five Dearest Sikhs ) of Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?
Ans. Bhai Daya Singh Ji, Bhai Dharm Singh Ji, Bhai Himmat Singh Ji, Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji, Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
Q.107 When was Ranjit Nagara established?
Ans. Ranjit Nagara was established on April 2, 1678 A.D.
Q.108 When did Emperor Aurangzeb bar his subjects from reciting `Ragas’ ?
Ans. In 1670 AD.
Q.109 When was the ‘Battle of Bhangani’ fought?
Ans. At Bhangani (16 miles away from Paunta Sahib) a battle took place between Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal Army in 1686 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1743)
Q.110 Who started ‘Holla Mohalla’ and when?
Ans. ‘Holla Mohalla was started in 1687 A.D. by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. 20
Q.111 Give the names of the Forts built by Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji?
Ans. Fatehgarh, Anandgarh, Kesgarh, Lohgarh, Holgarh and Nirmohgarh forts.
Q.112 When and between whom was the ‘Battle of Hussaini’ fought?
Ans. A battle took place between Hussain Khan and Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Anandpur Sahib in 1693 A.D.
Q.113 When did Guru Gobind Singh Ji perform a ‘Hawan’ on the Naina Devi Hill?
Ans. Guru Gobind Singh Ji performed a Hawan on the Naina Devi hill in 1697 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1754) during Nauratras. The Hawan continued for one year.
Q.114 What reason did Guru Gobind Singh Ji give to Pandit Keshav Nath for performing the Havan?
Ans. Guru Gobind Singh Ji said “The Havan will purify the atmosphere, put an end to evil deeds, all human sufferings and famine. In this atmosphere, great warriors will be born. It will lead to the spread of religion everywhere”.
Q.115 Who said these words and when – “This sword of mine, demands a sacrifice, Is there anyone who will quench its thirst?”
Ans. Guru Gobind Singh Ji said these words while addressing the Sangat (Congregation) in Anandpur Sahib on the Baisakhi day of 1756 Samvat. 1699 A.D.
Q.116 When did Guru Gobind Singh Ji leave the fort of Anandpur Sahib?
Ans. He left the fort on 20th December, 1704 A.D. along with His four sons. Mata Sundri Ji, Mata Gujjari Ji and some 500 Sikhs.
Q.117 “Neel baster le kapre phare turk Pathani amal gaya”. Give a brief description of this line ascribed to Guru Gobind Singh.
Ans. Due to the bloodthirsty pursuit of the Mughal Army, Guru Gobind Singh Ji had disguised himself as “Ucch Da Peer” by wearing black clothes and was able to get away from Machhiwara. Then at Dhiliuan, He met Sodhi Kaul Rai who gave white clothes to Guru Ji and requested Him to wear white clothes. After doing so, Guru Ji had tom apart and burnt the black clothes and uttered this line. When Sodhi Kaul Rai Ji reminded Him that this was not the original couplet (as sung by Guru Nanak in Assa Di Vaar) , then Guru Ji answered him “Guru sahayo hum Sarbans Gaar. Tuk paltai hit upkaar” i.e. For changing this couplet I have sacrificed my whole family, or seven heads ( of the 5th, 7th & 9th Guru plus his four sons).
Q.118 Give information about Banda Bahadur.
Ans. Banda Bahadur Ji was born in 1670 A.D. (Katak Sudi 13 Vikrami Samvat 1727) in Rajauri (Jammu). He had become very sad when he saw some hunted animals dying. After that, he gave up hunting/ killing and became a pure vegetarian. His original name was Madho Dass. In Vikrami Samvat 1764-65 (1707-1708 A.D.) Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji went to his place on the bank of the river Godawari, converted him into a saint- soldier, and named him Banda Bahadur. On the orders of Guru Gobind Singh, he came to Punjab. He fought and won many battles. Then differences arose between him and the Sikhs. He took revenge of the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh whom the Muslim Governor of Sirhind (Nawab Wazir Khan) had killed in cold blood. Banda had conquered many places. But at last, in Vikrami Samvat 1773 (1716 22 A.D.) he, along with his 700 companions, was brutally murdered in Delhi by the order of then Mughal Emperor Farkhusiar.
Q.119 At which places did the Sahibzadas attain martyrdom?
Ans. Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji and Jujhar Singh Ji attained martyrdom in Chamkaur on December 22 in 1704 A.D.(17 Maghar Vikrami Samvat 1761) while Sahibzada Zoravar Singh Ji and Fateh Singh Ji in Sirhind on 12/13 Poh Vikrami Samvat 1761 (27-28 December 1704 A.D.)
Q.120 How were younger Sahibzadas martyred?
Ans. They were martyred by bricking them alive in a wall i.e. they were made to stand and a wall was erected around them and were, later, beheaded.